Cover Image

Psychological Strategies for Maintaining Mental Health During the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic

Mahdiyeh Sarraf-Razavi, Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaei, Mahboubeh Eslamzadeh, Marjan Moradi, Zhaleh Feyzi, Ali Talaei, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar

The infection caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) started from China and spread out to the whole world, and became a pandemic as the world health organization declared. COVID-19 has caused many challenges in all aspects of life, including mental health for the entire human beings. The current study has reviewed some important strategies based on individual care and social support. Maintaining healthy lifestyle and doing regular life activities such as enough sleeping, doing art, listening to music, doing yoga, and meditation could be practical for individual care. Some social support strategies may include talking to trusty people or counselors to share emotions, keeping in touch with family, friends, and colleagues, supporting people via calls and texts warmly, and taking care of the elderly, children, and especially medical workers. [GMJ.2021;10:e2008]
Coronavirus; Stress; Depression; Mental Health

Ho CS, Chee CY, Ho RC. Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic. Ann Acad Med Singap. 2020; 16;49(3):155-160.

Doehring C. Coping with moral struggles arising from coronavirus stress: Spiritual self-care for chaplains and religious leaders. Iliff School of Theology.(

Zhou X. Psychological crisis interventions in Sichuan Province during the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak. Psychiatry Res. 2020; 26;286:112895.

PMid:32120170 PMCid:PMC7133610

Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976.

PMid:32202646 PMCid:PMC7090843

Kang L, Li Y, Hu S, Chen M, Yang C, Yang BX, et al. The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020; 7(3):e14.

CHAN D. "The 5Cs of beating the coronavirus outbreak" (2020). Research Collection School of Social Sciences. Paper 3168. (

Jiloha RC. COVID-19 and Mental Health. Epidemiology International. 2020;5(1): 7-9.

World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific. (‎2020)‎. The COVID-19 risk communication package for healthcare facilities. Manila: WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.

Wiederhold K.W. Using Social Media to Our Advantage: Alleviating Anxiety During a Pandemic. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 2020; 23(4); 197-198.


Zhu W. Should, and how can, exercise be done during a coronavirus outbreak? An interview with Dr. Jeffrey A. Woods. J Sport Health Sci. 2020;9(2):105-107.

PMid:32099717 PMCid:PMC7031769

Xiao H, Zhang Y, Kong D, Li S, Yang N. Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in January 2020 in China. Med Sci Monit. 2020; 20;26:e923921.

Lorber W, Mazzoni G, Kirsch I. Illness by suggestion: expectancy, modeling, and gender in the production of psychosomatic symptoms. Ann Behav Med. 2007;33(1):112-6.


Park SC, Park YC. Mental Health Care Measures in Response to the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak in Korea. Psychiatry Investig. 2020;17(2):85-86.

PMid:32093458 PMCid:PMC7047003

Zhang J, Wu W, Zhao X, and Zhang W. Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumoniaoutbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precision Clinical Medicine. 2020;3(1): 3-8.


Cao W, Fang Z, Hou G, Han M, Xu X, Dong J, et al. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Res. 2020; 287:112934.

PMid:32229390 PMCid:PMC7102633

Liu C, Yang Y-Z, Zhang X M, Xu X, Dou Q-L, Zhang W W. The prevalence and influencing factors for anxiety in medical workers fighting COVID-19 in China: A cross-sectional survey. Epidemiol Infect. 2020;148:e98.

PMid:32430088 PMCid:PMC7251286

Armitage R, Nellums LB. COVID-19 and the consequences of isolating the elderly. Lancet Public Health. 2020; 5(5):e256.

Sarraf-Razavi M, Tabatabaei M, Talaei A, Fayyazi Bordbar MR. Application of Virtual Reality for Helping People with Psychiatric Disorders: A Mini Review. RMES. 2019; 000684. 8(2):867-869.

Tabatabaei M, and Talaei A. Virtual Reality as a Friend of the Elderly: A Mini-Review. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res. 22(2)-2019.

Zhu Y, Chen L, Ji H, Xi M, Fang Y, Li Y. The Risk and Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Infections Among Inpatients in Psychiatric Hospitals. Neurosci Bull. 2020;36(3):299-302.

PMid:32096116 PMCid:PMC7056754

Jin YH, Cai L, Cheng ZS, Cheng H, Deng T, Fan YP, and A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version). Mil Med Res. 2020;6;7(1):4.

Ying Y, Ruan L, Kong F, Zhu B, Ji Y, Lou Z. Mental health status among family members of health care workers in Ningbo, China, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak: a cross-sectional study. BMC psychiatry. 2020;20(1):1-0.

PMid:32680478 PMCid:PMC7366518

Cai H, Tu B, Ma J, Chen L, Fu L, Jiang Y, and et al. Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 2020 During the Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID 19) in Hubei, China. Med Sci Monit. 2020;15;26:e924171.

Xiao H, Zhang Y, Kong D, Li S, Yang N. The Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January and February 2020 in China. Med Sci Monit. 2020; 5;26:e923549.

Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228-229.

Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, and et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019.JAMA Netw Open. 2020; 3 (3) , e203976.

PMid:32202646 PMCid:PMC7090843

Ehrlich H, Kenney M, Elkbuli A. Protecting our healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2020). In Press, Corrected Proof. Available online 17 April.

PMid:32336585 PMCid:PMC7162741

Mao L, Jin H, Wang M, Hu Y, Chen S, He Q, et al. Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Neurol. 2020;1;77(6):683-690.

PMid:32275288 PMCid:PMC7149362


  • There are currently no refbacks.