Molecular Mechanisms of Vitamin D-Mediated Immunomodulation

  • Farhan Khashim Alswailmi 1. College of Pharmacy, University of Hafr Al-Batin, Hafar Al Batin, Saudi Arabia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4494-4284
  • Syed Imran Ali Shah 2. Department of Biochemistry, University of Hafr Al-Batin, Hafar Al Batin, Saudi Arabia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0833-0771
  • Haleema Nawaz 3. Central Park Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ghassab Mohammad Al-Mazaideh 4. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Hafr Al-Batin, Hafar Al Batin, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Vitamin D; Immunomodulation; Innate Immunity; Adaptive Immunity

Abstract

Ever since discovering the fat-soluble secosteroid vitamin D, an abundance of research has been conducted on the molecular mechanisms for the multiple health benefits of this nutrient. Studies on the beneficial effects of vitamin D supplementation have found appreciable evidence suggesting that it may play a more prime role than initially presumed. Though it has largely been implicated in bone pathophysiology, novel research on vitamin D indicates its fundamental involvement in a wide range of disease processes through its multiple systemic effects, including but not limited to metabolic, cardiovascular, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, and immune actions. Recent work has yielded important mechanistic insights into the functions of vitamin D in mediating immunity. The present work sheds light on the metabolism and immune response mechanisms of vitamin D. Current review is based on a thorough search of the available relevant research findings of the metabolic transformations of vitamin D and the molecular basis of its role in immunity. Apart from its classical mechanistic control of mineral homeostasis, vitamin D has immunomodulatory effects through various mechanisms at both systemic and cellular levels. Disruption of vitamin D reliant molecular pathways in the regulation of immune response can potentially result in the development and/or progression of autoimmune and infective processes. [GMJ.2021;10:e2097]

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Published
2021-09-15
How to Cite
Alswailmi, F. K., Shah, S. I. A., Nawaz, H., & Al-Mazaideh, G. M. (2021). Molecular Mechanisms of Vitamin D-Mediated Immunomodulation. Galen Medical Journal, 10, e2097. https://doi.org/10.31661/gmj.v10i0.2097